Introduction to GNOME Shell

The GNOME Shell is the core user interface of the GNOME Desktop environment.

This package is known to build and work properly using an LFS 12.1 platform.

Package Information

GNOME Shell Dependencies


evolution-data-server-3.50.4, Gcr-4.2.0, Gjs-1.78.4, gnome-desktop-44.0, ibus-1.5.29, Mutter-45.4, Polkit-124, sassc-3.6.2, and startup-notification-0.12



GTK-Doc-1.33.2 and bash-completion

Required Runtime Dependencies

adwaita-icon-theme-45.0, DConf-0.40.0, GDM-45.0.1, gnome-backgrounds-45.0, gnome-control-center-45.3, gnome-menus-3.36.0, libgweather-4.4.0, Systemd-255, and telepathy-mission-control-5.16.6

Installation of GNOME Shell

Install GNOME Shell by running the following commands:

mkdir build &&
cd    build &&

meson setup --prefix=/usr       \
            --buildtype=release \
            -Dtests=false       \
            ..                  &&

To test the results, you need to remove the -Dtests=false switch, and to have Mutter-45.4 compiled and installed with tests also. To run the tests, issue: ninja test. You must be running an X session to run the tests. Some will fail if GDM-45.0.1 is not installed. One test named CSS styling support is known to fail with some multi-monitor configurations.

Now, as the root user:

ninja install

Command Explanations

--buildtype=release: Specify a buildtype suitable for stable releases of the package, as the default may produce unoptimized binaries.

-Dtests=false: Remove this switch if you want to build the tests. But then meson will fail if Mutter-45.4 tests are not installed.

-Dextensions_tool=false: This switch allows building this package without gnome-autoar-0.4.4 installed.


Installed Programs: gnome-extensions, gnome-extensions-app, gnome-shell, gnome-shell-extension-prefs, gnome-shell-extension-tool, and gnome-shell-perf-tool
Installed Libraries: None
Installed Directories: /usr/lib/gnome-shell, /usr/share/gnome-shell, /usr/share/gtk-doc/html/{shell,st} (optional), and /usr/share/xdg-desktop-portal/

Short Descriptions


provides the core user interface functions for the GNOME Desktop